Introduction to CSS?

CSS is used to design webpages of websites

Why we need CSS to make our website look beautiful?

CSS stands for Cascade Sheet Style. CSS is used with Java and HTML. It define how the elements of HTML looks on your website. CSS is a simple language used to make web pages presentable to users. It allows programmers to define how the content of website should be displayed to users like what the color of background, size of fonts, spacing, layout designs and how site will look on different kinds of devices.

how actually CSS works with HTML?

The CSS works on only one simple principle by selecting HTML elements and applying styles to them. To do this, simply select an element or group of elements, once you select, you can apply different styles like fonts, colors, positioning, padding etc.., to make your HTML elements presentable to user.

What are benefits of CSS ?

  • Fast loading:

Due to CSS, u need to write less and the external CSS file can be cached by browsers, so that the webpages coded with CSS loades faster.

  • Customization:

In CSS, you have complete control over HTML elements, so that you can create unique and attractive designs.

  • Responsiveness:

In CSS, you can create responsive layouts that changes on different screen sizes and devices. For example, some sites layout looks different on mobiles and different on tablets and  computers.

Syntax of CSS:

CSS consist of 2 components. The selector and declaration block. The selector select the elements of HTML to apply different styles. The declaration block has property-values separated with semicolon, each value define style attributes.


<!DOCTYPE html>
  <title>Simple CSS Example</title>
  <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
  <h1>Welcome to My Website</h1>
  <p>This is a simple example of CSS.</p>


CSS is a powerful and essential tool for modern web development. It empowers developers to create visually appealing, responsive, and user-friendly websites while maintaining code efficiency and reusability. With CSS, web designers can transform ordinary HTML documents into captivating and aesthetically pleasing online experiences.


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